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Polka-dot-plant

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Interesting Facts

The common name, Polka-Dot Plant, gives away some of the foliar characteristics. The leaves are generally speckled with splashes of pink or white that gives the foliage a polka-dot like pattern.

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Polka Dot Plant   (Hypoestes phyllostachya)

Flamingo Plant
Freckle Face
Measles Plant
Pink Dot

H. phyllostachya is native to South Africa. It bears oval 2 to 3 inch long leaves spotted irregularly with pink or white.

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Plant Types: Interior Plant, Perennial
Light: Shade to Partial Sun
Height: 1 foot to 2 feet
Width: 2 feet to 3 feet
Zones: 10a to 15b
Bloom Color: Lavender
Bloom Seasons: Early spring, Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Mid summer, Late summer, Early fall, Mid fall, Late fall
Leaf Color: Green, Pink, Variegated
Special Features: Attractive foliage, Not North American native
Shape: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal, Variable spread
Fertilizer: Miracle-Gro® Liquid All Purpose Houseplant Food
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Plant Care
Planting:

Sow 8-10 weeks before last frost. Seeds germinate in as little as 4 days at 68°F. Transplant when they have four true (colored) leaves, and plant outside when the temperature is consistently above 50°F.

Plant Growth:

Although this plant is a perennial, it is often times grown as an annual bedding plant or potted houseplant. In Hawaii, it can grow outdoors year round. It can reach 2' tall. The leaves are spotted or blotched with color. Hypoestes grows best in partial shade with shelter from cold, dry winds.

Blooming:

It has spikes-like racems of small, tubular unshowy flowers in late summer or fall, if at all.

Soil and Irrigation:

Does best in loose soil that has a high concentration of organic matter such as peat. Water freely in summer, but keep dry in colder months.

Fertilization:

During the summer, implement a balanced liquid fertilizer bimonthly.

Pruning:

Prune after flowering; tip pruning encourages bushy growth.

Pests:

The only real problem is powdery mildew.