Photo Credit: Walters Gardens

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Interesting Facts

All parts of Paeonia can cause stomach upset if consumed.

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Japanese Peony   Nippon Beauty (Paeonia lactiflora)

Single Peony

The gorgeous, deep red blossoms of 'Nippon Beauty' have prominent central buttons of petaloids (tiny petals) of the same color, but have a flush of yellow for some impressive contrast that really makes these blooms stand out.  These flowers hold up well against the background of thick, dark green foliage. Watch for these blooms to erupt prolifically in midsummer all over your shrubs.

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Plant Types: Perennial
Light: Partial Shade to Full Sun
Height: 2 feet 6 inches to 3 feet 4 inches
Width: 2 feet to 3 feet
Zones: 3a to 8b
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Seasons: Late spring, Early summer, Mid summer
Leaf Color: Green
Special Features: Attractive foliage, Deer resistant, Naturalizing, Not North American native
Shape: Upright or erect
Fertilizer: Low-Nitrogen Fertilizer, Miracle-Gro® Water Soluble All Purpose Plant Food
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Plant Care

All Peonies do best when planted in the fall. They can be planted as bare-root or from nursery containers.

Plant Growth:

Peonies are long lived plants that provide nice cut-flowers and are very suitable to be used as big perennial borders. They can withstand summer heat and winter chill rather successfully. Grows best in full sun or partial shade. Larger species may need support.


Large, bright flowers in a range of colors followed by pod-like fruits containing sometimes black or red seeds. Herbaceous Peonies bloom best when they have a sufficient winter chill. Although they can survive intense heat in the summer, the flowers will not last as long if temperatures get too hot.

Soil and Irrigation:

Grows best in deep, well-draining soil that is kept moist and rich.


As the first leaves unfurl feed with a light nitrogen fertilizer and once again once the first flush of flowers dies back.


For subshrub species, remove crossing shoots, annually, in late winter or early spring, to maintain a healthy framework.


Japanese beetle and nematodes. Paeonia is also vulnerible to wilt, tip blight, stem rot, leaf blotch, and ringspot virus.