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Dutchmans-pipe-cactus
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Dutchmans-pipe-cactus
Interesting Facts

There are around 20 known species in the genus Epiphyllum, native to rainforest from S. Mexico to Argentina, and also in the West Indies.  Epiphyllum species are somtimes added to the hallucinogenic drink called Ayahuasca, traditionally prepared by the Amerindians of Amazonian Columbia. 

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Dutchman's Pipe Cactus   (Epiphyllum oxypetalum)

This night blooming Orchid Cactus has a stunningly large flower with pure white petals.  Easy to grow and loves some neglect...as this is its volatile existence in nature!  Does best in a very protected environment, including in a greenhouse or as an indoor plant.  This will produce these large, white, funnel shaped blooms that may only last one evening!  A fleeting reward for a plant that takes up to a year to bloom!

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Plant Types: Perennial, Succulent, Tropical
Light: Shade to Partial Sun
Height: 10 feet
Width: 3 feet
Zones: 11a to 12b
Bloom Color: Purple, White
Bloom Seasons: Late spring, Early summer, Mid summer, Late summer
Leaf Color: Green
Shape: Upright or erect
Fertilizer: Water Soluble Cactus Food
Want to know where Dutchman's Pipe Cactus will thrive in your house or garden? The EasyBloom Plant Sensor will give you a plant's-eye view of your environment to measure soil, sunlight, temperature and humidity. Watch a Video >
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Plant Care
Planting:

Propagate from the seed in spring or early summer.  Keep in mind that Orchid cacti do not always come true from seed.  Also propagate from stem cuttings in early summer.

Plant Growth:

Epiphytic cacti.  Grows best with partial shade and moderate to high humidity.  Orchid cacti require a minimum year round temperature of 50ºF (10ºC).  However, for the best cultivation, temperatures should be at least 59ºF (15ºC) in spring. Orchid cacti will die if subject to 100ºF (38ºC) or higher.

In places that fall under 50ºF (10ºC), raise Epiphyllum indoors as houseplants, or in a warm greenhouse.  In warmer areas, Orchid cacti work well in hanging baskets as patio plants.  They are also suitable for a shaded courtyard.

Blooming:

Flowers are short lived, lasting for 2 or more days.  Most species are nocturnal.  Blooms are followed by small fruit which is edible.

Epiphyllum flowers the best when potbound.

Soil and Irrigation:

Does best with fertile, sharply drained soil.  For indoor plants, use epiphytic cactus pottin mix.  Water freely from midspring to late summer; keep just moist in winter.

Fertilization:

Apply a high potash fertilizer every 2 weeks between midspring and late summer as flower buds arise.

Pests:

Mealybugs and scale insects.  Also prone to fungal leaf spots and stem spots.