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Dracaena

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Dracaena
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Dracaena   Janet Craig Compacta (Dracaena deremensis)

A long time in the indoor plant market, Dracaena deremensis is now gaining more popularity.  This nice compact version of Dracaena is very slow growing up to 4' and features long, broad dark green leaves.  Be aware that these long lasting house plants do tend to lose their clean look and may need to be topped, or cuttings taken to freshen up the look.

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Plant Types: Interior Plant, Perennial, Shrub
Light: Shade to Partial Sun
Height: 3 feet to 4 feet
Width: 1 foot 6 inches to 3 feet
Zones: 14a to 15b
Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Seasons: Early summer, Mid summer, Late summer
Leaf Color: Green
Special Features: Attractive foliage, Not North American native
Shape: Upright or erect
Fertilizer: Miracle-Gro® Liquid All Purpose Houseplant Food, Miracle-Gro® Water Soluble All Purpose Plant Food
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Plant Care
Planting:

Sow seeds in spring. Can also propagate by rooting semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Semi-ripe cuttings are cuttings taken from semi-mature wood.

Plant Growth:

Some show graceful fountain forms with broad, curved, ribbon like leaves or stiff, sword like leaves. D. draco grows slowly to 20 feet high and wide, and is the only species that doesn't need to be protected from wind. Dracaena does best in full sun or full light with moderate humidity.


In areas where Dracaena is not growing hardy, raise plants indoors as houseplants or in a warm greenhouse. A warm greenhouse has a minimum temperature of 55°F (13°C). During the day, temperatures should be set to 55-64°F (13-18°C) or above, and at night, the temperature should be at 55°F (13°C).

Blooming:

Almost never flowers as houseplants. D. draco has clusters of greenish white flowers at branch ends. Mature plants bear very fragrant flowers in summer, followed by red or yellow spherical berries.

Soil and Irrigation:

In containers, water only when top 1/2-1" of soil is dry. Dracaena does best with well-draining soil. Indoors, use a soil-based potting mix. Water liberally during the growing season, reduced in winter.

Fertilization:

Fertilize with a balanced liquid fertilizer monthly between spring and fall.

Pruning:

Dracaena does not require regular pruning. To promote growth of weak plants, cut back plant to about 6" from the base (in spring).


Make sure to pot on, or move from one container to a larger one with fresh soil, in spring to provide room for new growth.

Pests:

Mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects. Dracaena is sensitive to boron and calcium deficieny as well as excess fluoride.